Rotterdam Convention

Mr. Geri Geronimo-Sanez and Mr. Renato Cruz of EMB at the Meetings of the Conferences of the Parties to the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions , 15 May 2015 (Photo credit: IISD/ENB

The staggering growth and proliferation of chemical production and trade during the past three decades spawned concern about the potential health and environmental risks posed by hazardous chemicals and pesticides particularly to countries without the means to monitor the import and use of these chemicals.

In the mid 1980s, UNEP and FAO responded to these concerns by developing and promoting voluntary information exchange programs. In 1985, FAO launched the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides. In 1987, UNEP established the London Guidelines for the Exchange of Information on Chemicals in International Trade. In 1989, FAO and UNEP jointly introduced the voluntary Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure into these two instruments. In tandem, these instruments enabled governments to assess the risk of hazardous chemicals thereby making informed decisions on their future import.

Officials in attendance to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Brazil (Rio Earth Summit) adopted Chapter 19 of Agenda 21, which called for a legally binding instrument on the voluntary PIC procedure by the year 2000.

Thus, the Rotterdam Convention came into existence. The Convention creates legally binding obligations for the implementation of the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure, covering pesticides and industrial chemicals that have been banned or severely restricted for health or environmental reasons by the Parties to the Convention. These chemicals are listed under Annex III of the convention, which note the risks of using the chemicals.

The Convention entered into force in 23 February 2004.
Focal Office:
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Date Ratified:
signed July 31, 2006
ongoing ratification
Focal Persons:
High Level
       Undersecretary, Field Operations
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. No. - (632) 926 2567
       Email -

Official Contact Point
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 920 2246
       Email -

Technical Expert
       Chief, Environmental Quality Division (EQD)
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 928 8863

National Focal Point
       OIC - Chief, Chemical Management Section
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau 
       Tel. No. - (632) 928 - 1212
The Rotterdam convention operates through two mechanisms; Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure which formally obtains and disseminates decisions of Parties who would wish to receive future shipments of chemicals listed under Annex III of the convention, and the Information Exchange which provides the venue for notification on hazardous waste regulation and problems caused by hazardous pesticide formulation.
Policy Issuances:
Collated Laws and Policies on Hazardous Wastes
Sources / Relevant Links:


The Philippines has submitted 27 Import Responses which may be accessed here, through the Rotterdam database.

Under the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure of the Rotterdam Convention, DENR-EMB has issued sixty-six (66) Explicit Consents or acknowledgements to the Export Notifications of Hazardous Chemicals sent from Europe, Korea and Indonesia for CY 2016.
This Page was updated on 06 June 2018 and will be updated on 06 August 2018
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