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Stockholm Convention


MOA signing between DENR and Bacolod City to close and rehabilitate city dumpsites to reduce release of emissions of dioxins and furans, 6 October 2012. (Photo Source: Watchmen Daily)

The Stockholm Convention is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Adopted in 2001 and entered into force in 2004, the convention requires its parties to take measures to eliminate or reduce the release of POPs into the environment.

In 1995, the Governing Council of UNEP in its decision 18/32 requested the Intergovernmental Forum of Chemical Safety (IFCS) to undertake an international assessment of an initial list of 12 POPs and develop recommendations on international action for consideration by the UNEP Governing Council and World Health Assembly by 1997. In response, the IFCS in 1996 concluded the sufficiency of information that an international action, through a legally binding instrument is needful, in order to minimize the risk posed by the 12 POPs. 

In 1997 UNEP convened an intergovernmental negotiating committee (INC) with a mandate to prepare an international legally binding instrument for implementing international action on POPs. The INC held its first meeting in June 1998 in Montreal, Canada wherein a Criteria Expert Group (CEG) was established and tasked to formulate criteria and procedures for identifying additional POPs as candidates for future international action. 

The INC held five meetings before a legally binding instrument was completed in December 2000. The Convention was adopted and opened for signature at a Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Stockholm, Sweden in May 2001.
 
Focal Office:
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Date Ratified:
May 27, 2004
Focal Persons:
High Level
       ATTY. JONAS R. LEONES
       Undersecretary for International Affairs and Foreign Assisted Programs
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 928 1186 / 929 6626 Local 2268

Official Contact Point
       ATTY. JUAN MIGUEL T. CUNA
       Assistant Secretary for Field Operations - Luzon
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources 
       Tel. No. 925-2328 / 929-6626 local 2287 / 755-3330 local 1121

National Focal Point & Technical Expert
       MR. RENATO CRUZ
       Chief, Environmental Quality Division (EQD)
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 928 8863
Commitments:
Through the Convention, parties are required to act on the following classified POPS, accessed here through the Stockholm Convention Database:
1. Annex A POPs - eliminate the production, use and import/export
2. Annex B POPs - restrict the production, use and import/export
3. Annex C POPs - reduce or eliminate releases from unintentional production

Additionally, parties are required to ensure environmentally sound management of stockpiles and wastes/contaminated wastes of POPs. They are encouraged to use BAT (Best Available Techniques) to reduce releases of chemicals listed in Part I of Annex C and BEP (Best Environmental Practices) in pollution control.

Implementation of the convention, including production, import and export of chemicals listed in the Annexes must be reported through a National Report every four years. Parties are also required to prepare a National Implementation Plan (NIP) which is part of the national sustainable development strategy of the implementing party. 
Policy Issuances:
Republic Act 8749 Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999
Republic Act 9003 Ecological Solid Waste Management Act
Presidential Decree 1144  Creating the Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority and Abolishing the Fertilizer Industry Authority
DENR Administrative Order 2013-22 - Revised Procedures and Standards for the Management of Hazardous Wastes (Revising DAO
2004-36)
DENR Administrative Order No. 2004-01 - Chemical Control Order (CCO) for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
DENR Administrative Order No. 1998-63 - Guidelines for the Designation of DENR Recognized Environmental Laboratories
http://119.92.161.2/embgovph/chemical/LawsandPolicies.aspx
Sources / Relevant Links:
Status:

Updates

The Philippines’ Updated National Implementation Plan (NIP) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) has been submitted to the Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention and is currently for printing.

The BAT/BEP on Fossil Fuel Fired Boilers was already concluded in September 2015. The final report is being drafted for review.

The Philippines through EMB has been participating in and attending the POPSEA Project led by Ministry of Environment, Japan Environmental Sanitation Center since 2003.  In 2015, the UNEP-GEF approved a regional proposal for capacity building on laboratory analysis/testing on dioxins, furans and the nine (9) new POPs. This project was led by Vietnam in collaboration with Lao PDR, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand. 

The Philippines, through the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), has submitted the following:
1. Second National Report as of May 2011, and can be accessed here.
2. Revised NIP with COP 5 amendments as of August 2015.
This Page was updated on 02 May 2017 and will be updated on 04 September 2017
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