United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Secretary Ramon J.P. Paje signs the Paris Agreement on behalf of Philippine President Benigno Aquino III at the United Nations Headquarters, New York on 22 April 2016. (Photo credit: Jonas R. Leones)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty focusing on what countries could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change. The ultimate objective of the convention is the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

In 2013, both non-Annex (including the Philippines) and Annex I members to the UNFCCC were requested to prepare their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Activities/Goals set under the INDC, regardless of the legal nature of the contributions, will serve as the first Nationally Determined Contribution of the respective parties for the period beyond the Doha Amendment, upon ratification of the Paris Agreement.
Focal Office:
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Date Ratified:
November 20, 2003
Focal Persons:
High Level
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 925 2327 / 926 2672

       Undersecretary for International Affairs and Foreign Assisted Programs
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 928 1186 / 929 6626 Local 2268

National Focal Point to the UNFCCC
       Assistant Secretary
       Office for UN & International Organizations
       Department of Foreign Affairs
       Tel. No. - (613) 233 1121

National Designated Entities (NDE) for Technology Transfer
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 735 3144 / 735 3069 / 522 0378

Designated National Authority for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Secretariat
       Assistant Secretary for Field Operations - Luzon
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. No. 925-2328 / 929-6626 local 2287 / 755-3330 local 1121

National Focal Point for Article 6 of the Convention /
Asia-Pacific Regional Representative
DNA Forum Chairing Committee

       Chief, Climate Change Division (CCD)
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau 
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 920 2251

Parties to the UNFCCC are required to submit a national report on compliance with the convention, particularly on efforts to limit average global temperate increases and adaptation to impacts of climate change. The Philippines, as part of Non-Annex I parties, is required to submit the following documents:
1. National Communications (NC) - submitted every four years must include the national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory together with measures for adaptation and mitigation.
2. Biennial Update Reports (BURs) submitted every two years provide updates on the submitted NCs including updates to the national GHG inventory, mitigation actions, constraints and gaps to implementation. The BURs must also include support needed and received for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

The Philippine INDC, communicated by the Climate Change Commission to the UNFCCC last October 2015, intends to undertake Greenhouse Gas (CO2) emissions reduction of about 70% by 2030, relative to the business-as-usual scenario of 2000-2030. Mitigation programs will focus on the following sectors:
1. Energy 
2. Transport
3. Waste 
4. Forestry
5. Industry

However, full implementation of the country’s INDC will depend on adequate, predictable and sustainable financial support made available to the Philippines.
Policy Issuances:
Sources / Relevant Links:


The Philippines has submitted its second National Communication, including a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory for 2000. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources is currently working on updating the GHG inventories for the waste, industry, and forestry sectors. 

The second National Communication may be accessed here, through the UNFCCC database.

Climate Change adaptation and mitigation targets beyond 2020 for the Philippines will fall under the newly signed Paris Agreement as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Next steps under the agreement include the development of a more concrete framework for implementation.

The DENR is currently assisting with the ratification of the Paris Agreement.

Philippine commitments to the implementation of the Paris Agreement following ratification is contingent on two documents:
1. Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) as the country’s pledge with tangible measures to mitigate the effects of climate change. The country’s NDC may be based on the previous INDC which pledges 70% reduction of 2000 PH emissions with conditional support.
2. Preparation of the 2010 Philippine Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Inventory as basis for NDC. DENR will be handling emissions from Industry, Waste, and Forestry Sectors.

Under the auspices of the Convention, the DENR will also be implementing a Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) in partnership with Japan through the recent Memorandum of Cooperation between Japan and the Philippines on Low Carbon Growth Partnership. The partnership is expected to bring in low carbon technology and other mitigating options to the Philippines.
This Page was updated on 02 February 2017 and will be updated on 03 May 2017
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