United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Secretary Ramon J.P. Paje signs the Paris Agreement on behalf of Philippine President Benigno Aquino III at the United Nations Headquarters, New York on 22 April 2016. (Photo credit: Jonas R. Leones)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty focusing on what countries could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change. The ultimate objective of the convention is the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

In 2013, both non-Annex (including the Philippines) and Annex I members to the UNFCCC were requested to prepare their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Activities/Goals set under the INDC, regardless of the legal nature of the contributions, will serve as the first Nationally Determined Contribution of the respective parties for the period beyond the Doha Amendment, upon ratification of the Paris Agreement.
Focal Office:
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Date Ratified:
August 2, 1994
Focal Persons:
High Level
       Undersecretary for Climate Change Service and Mining Concerns
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 928 1208 / 926 2672

National Focal Point to the UNFCCC
       Assistant Secretary for United Nations and Other International Organizations
       Department of Foreign Affairs
       Tel. No. - (632) 831 8852 
       Fax - (632) 832 3245
       Email -

National Designated Entities (NDE) for Technology Transfer
       Climate Change Commission
       Tel. No. - (632) 426 2950 / 426 2948
       Email -

Designated National Authority for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Secretariat
       Undersecretary for Field Operations - Luzon
       Department of Environment and Natural Resources
       Tel. No. - (632) 426 2950 / 426 2948
       Email -

National Focal Point for Article 6 of the Convention / Asia-Pacific Regional Representative
DNA Forum Chairing Committee
       Chief, Climate Change Division (CCD)
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 920 2251
       Email -
Parties to the UNFCCC are required to submit a national report on compliance with the convention, particularly on efforts to limit average global template increases and adaptation to impacts of climate change. 

The Philippines, as part of Non-Annex I parties, is required to submit the following documents:

1. National Communications (NC) - submitted every four years; must include the national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory together with measures for adaptation and mitigation.

2. Biennial Update Reports (BURs) submitted every two years provide updates on the submitted NCs including updates to the national GHG inventory, mitigation actions, constraints and gaps to implementation. The BURs must also include support needed and received for climate change adptation and mitigation.

The Philippine INDC, communicated by the Climate Change Commission to the UNFCCC in October 2015, intends to undertake greenhouse gas (Co2) emissions reduction of about 70% by 2030, relative to the business-as-usual scenario of 2000-2030. Mitigation programs will focus on the following sectors: energy, transport, waste, forestry, and industry. However, full implementation of the country's INDC will depend on adequate, predictable  and sustainable financial support made available to the Philippines.
Policy Issuances:
Sources / Relevant Links:


The Philippines has submitted its second National Communication, including a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory for 2000. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources is currently working on updating the GHG inventories for the waste, industry, and forestry sectors.

The second National Communication may be accessed here, through the UNFCCC database.

Climate Change adaptation and mitigation targets beyond 2020 for the Philippines will fall under the newly signed Paris Agreement as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Next steps under the agreement include the development of a more concrete framework for implementation.

The DENR is currently assisting with the ratification of the Paris Agreement.

Philippine commitments to the implementation of the Paris Agreement following ratification is contingent on two documents:
This Page was updated on 19 March 2018 and will be updated on 19 July 2018
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