Convention on Biological Diversity

BMB Director, Dr. Theresita Mundita S. Lim at the 13th Meeting of the Conference of the Convention  on Biological Diversity, 2-17 December 2016 , Cancún, Mexico (Photo by IISD/ENB | Francis Dejon)

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) aims to conserve biological diversity, promote sustainable use of components of biological diversity and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.  

Humanity's economic and social development is inextricably linked to the earth's biological resources.  As a result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to the earth's species and ecosystem has never been greater than it is today. Current trends identified an estimated 34,000 plants and 5,200 animal species -including one in eight of the world's bird species - facing extinction as a result of human activity. 

With this is mind, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) convened an Ad Hoc Working Group of Experts on Biological Diversity in November 1988 tasked to explore the expediency of an international convention on biological diversity. Consequently, the Ad Hoc Working Group of Technical and Legal Experts was established in May 1989 and mandated to prepare an international legal instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.  By February 1991, the working group become known as the International Negotiating Committee.  Its work culminated with the Nairobi Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity on 22 May 1992.  

The Convention was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio Earth Summit). It entered into force on 29 December 1993. The Philippine government ratified the Convention on 12 June 1992.
Focal Office:
Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB)
Date Ratified:
Party since October 8, 1993
Focal Persons:
Focal Point for Clearing House Mechanism (CHM), Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA), Protected Areas (PA)
       DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 920 4417
       Email - /

Alternate Focal
       Project Manager, Marine Key Biodiversity Areas (MKBA)
       DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 924 6031 to 35 local 203 & 204, (632) 925 8948

       Chief, National Parks Division
       DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau
       Tel. Nos. - (632) 924 6031 to 35 local 232, (632) 925 8947
Under the Convention, Parties are required to develop national biodiversity strategies and action plans which are to be mainstreamed into the broader national plans for environment and development particularly for the forestry, agriculture, fisheries, energy, transportation and urban planning sectors. As a party to the convention, the Philippines through the DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau aims to:  

1. Protect and conserve existing natural habitats and pursue restoration of the functionality of degraded habitats
2. Effectively regulate use of resources within sustainable limits
3. Implement habitat rehabilitation programs
4. Arrest the proliferation of invasive alien species
5. Enhance regulation of access of national and local implementing bodies
6. Improve status of agro biodiversity and promote biodiversity-friendly agriculture
7. Enhance governance and capacities of national and local implementing bodies in addressing urban biodiversity
8. Implement the Nagoya Protocol consistent with national legislation

In 2010, during the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the CBD, parties adopted a revised and updated Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets for the period 2011-2020. The plan provides for a framework for the entire biodiversity management and policy development under the United Nations system. Parties to the convention agree to develop the international framework into a National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan, the principal instrument for implementing the convention at the national level.

Parties are also required to submit national reports to provide information on measures taken for the implementation of the Convention and the effectiveness of these measures. 
Policy Issuances:
Sources / Relevant Links:


In compliance with the requirements of the convention, the Philippines has submitted the following:

1. CBD National Report for 2014 (5th) accessed here through the BMB website. The report analyzes efforts of the government in addressing the threats to the country’s biodiversity at all levels, for the period of 2009-2013.
2. Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) Action Plan as of 2012, accessed here through the CBD website. The PoWPA serves as a status update for the country's level of compliance with 16 identified goals for Protected Areas, divided across four programme elements.

Major highlights of accomplishments towards meeting the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets include protected area governance, wildlife enforcement and mainstreaming of biodiversity concerns through policy guidelines. Other additional activities related to the country's implementation of the Convention include:

 - Removing Barriers on the Management of Invasive Alien Species on Production and Protection Forest in the Philippines;
 - Preparation of the Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan;
 - Yearly celebration of the International Day for Biological Diversity; and
 - Maintenance  of the Philippine Clearing House Mechanism (CHM) on Biodiversity.

Other Policies and programs implemented to fulfill the convention also include:
- Establishment of Protected Areas in Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystems
- Various Administrative Orders that mandate sustainable use of the country's biodiversity

On the 13th of June 2016, DENR released an administrative order adopting the Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PBSAP) from 2015-2028 based on the NBSAP submitted to the CBD Secretariat. Next steps include rolling-out the PBSAP implementation at the national and local levels.

As a member of the Biosafety Committee, the Department also commits to the implementation of DOST-DA-DENR-DOH Joint Department Circular (JDC) No 1. S. 2016 on “Rules and Regulations for the Research and Development, Handling and Use, Transboundary Movement, Release into the Environment and Management of Genetically-Modified Plant and Plant Products derived from the use of modern technology”
This Page was updated on 03 February 2017 and will be updated on 03 May 2017
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