Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

DENR Secretary Ramon Paje (3rd from right) and Undersecretary Ernesto Adobo, Jr. (leftmost) lead the physical destruction of smuggled ivory tusks.  (Photo Credit: BMB)

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) ensures that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.

CITES provides the legal framework for controlling the international trade (importation, exportation) of 35,000 selected species including their by-products (e.g. skins/leather) and derivatives. Regulation is implemented through a licensing system for importation/exportation, categorized according to the degree of protection needed:

1. Appendix I include species threatened with extinction;
2. Appendix II include species which may not be threatened with extinction but will require control in trade to avoid affecting their survival rate; and
3. Appendix III include species protected in at least one party requesting other parties for assistance in trade control. 
Focal Office:
Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB)
Date Ratified:
November 16, 1981
Focal Persons:
Management Authorities
       DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 920 4417
       Email - /

       Division Chief
       Wildlife Resources Division
       DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 925 8953
       Email -

Scientific Authorities for terrestrial species
       DENR - Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau
       Tel No. - (634) 536 3628 local 276/203
       Fax - (049) 536 2850
As a party to the convention, the Philippines is required to submit an annual report on CITES trade and a biennial report on legislative, regulatory, and administrative measures taken to enforce the Convention.

Many Filipinos have benefited from the wildlife industry, either through employment of direct income from legitimate wildlife breeding operations. CITES ensures that the specimens in trade are taken from legal sources. The Biodiversity Management Bureau under the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is currently monitoring more than thirty (30) legitimate wildlife facilities engaged in the commercial production and trade of captive-bred/propagated specimens of wildlife and plants. 

To further comply with the requirements of CITES, The Philippines also issues permits for individual importation of wildlife (including by-products/derivatives) listed under CITES.
Policy Issuances:
Sources / Relevant Links:


Supporting activities for CITES include:
1. The submission of 281 plant species and 148 animal species for inclusion to CITES appendices;
2. Development of the CITES Electronic Permitting and Management Information System (on track);
3. Establishment of Wildlife Forensics laboratory in collaboration with the UP-Diliman, Institute of Biological Sciences; and
4. Continuing capacity building on wildlife law enforcement (e.g. Wildlife crime investigation, Joint Border Patrol, Wildlife Identification, Handling and continuing mobilization of the Philippine Operations Group on Ivory (POGI) and Illegal Wildlife Trade Rehabilitation)

To date, the Philippines is monitoring the movement of 49 species under annex I (endangered) and over 1300 species under annex II and III (vulnerable) through issuance of CITES Import Permit (implemented through Department Administrative Order 2004-55).

Also, the Department is currently upgrading the permitting system by developing the CITES Electronic Permitting and Management Information System.
This Page was updated on 03 February 2017 and will be updated on 03 May 2017
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