Montreal Protocol

Montreal DSC 0024
Mr. Joe Amil Salino of the Philippine Ozone Desk in a radio guesting at DZUP 1602, radio station of the Univer- sity of the Philippines Diliman, in their weekly environment program "Nature Venture" on 17 September 2018. [EMB]

The Montreal Protocol is a landmark multilateral environmental agreement that aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer from depletion due to the ozone reaction with halogenated hydrocarbons. Hence, its objective is to reduce or eliminate the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS). Having originated from the Vienna Convention, the Montreal Protocol sets a timeline for the phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). It entered into force in January 1989 and was universally ratified in 2009. The treaty has had several adjustments and amendments since then, adding control measures and substances to the list. The Philippines ratified the first four amendments in 2006. The latest is the Kigali Amendment in 2016 for which the country is preparing for ratification. It calls for the phase-down of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) which do not deplete the ozone layer but are greenhouse gases and therefore contribute to climate change.
Focal Office:
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Date Ratified:
July 17, 1991
Focal Persons/Offices:
Secretary, DENR
Tel. No. (632) 926 3011, 920 4301, 929 6626 loc 2258

National Ozone Units Focal Point, National Coordinator for ODS Phase-out Program
Director, DENR-EMB
Tel. No. (632) 928 3725, 927 1517

Program Manager, Philippine OZone Desk
Tel. No. (632) 282 6783, 376 5541
The treaty calls for the phase out of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) and provides a timetable on the ban and elimination of their production. The specific commitments of the country to the Protocol are as follows:
- Article 4 bans imports/exports of ODS between Parties and Non-Parties (i.e. countries that have not ratified the Protocol or relevant Amendments). The Article also bans imports from non-Parties of products made with or containing ODS, as decided by the Meetings of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. Annex D specifies a list of products containing CFCs and halons which cannot be imported from non-Parties.
- Article 4A controls trade between Parties, under certain specific circumstances. Article 4B makes it mandatory for all Parties to implement a system for licensing the import and export of ODS, for both new and u
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