Basel Convention

Mr. Geri-Geronimo Sañez of the DENR (second from right) is recognized by the Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions for use of the skills and knowledge acquired from technical assistance activities provided by the Conventions. Other winners were from Nigeria, Jamaica, Kenya and Cote d’Ivoire. (Photo Credit:

The Basel Convention is an international treaty designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs). The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Waste was adopted on 22 March 1989 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland, in response to a public outcry following the discovery of deposits of toxic wastes imported to Africa and other parts of the developing world.

The convention aims to minimize generation of toxic waste, and ensure the Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) of hazardous materials. Under the convention, parties may enter into agreements with other parties (bilateral or multilateral), authorizing transboundary movement of hazardous wastes into their respective jurisdiction with the condition that agreements or arrangements do not violate the ESM of hazardous wastes under the Convention. 

Under the Convention, there is a protocol on liability and compensation for damage resulting from transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous wastes. Further details on the protocol may be accessed here.
Focal Office:
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
Date Ratified:
January 19, 1994
Focal Persons:
Competent Authority and Focal Point
       Assistant Director and OIC-Office of the Director
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 928 1212

Technical Expert
       Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section
       DENR - Environmental Management Bureau
       Tel. No. - (632) 928 1212
Under Article 15, parties are required to submit a report on the previous calendar year containing information on transboundary movement of hazardous wastes in their area, measures adopted by parties in the implementation of the convention, activities related to bilateral/multilateral agreements and arrangements and other pertinent information.

The Philippines is currently engaged in a Bilateral agreement with the United States of America regarding the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes from the Philippines to the United States.
Policy Issuances:
Hazardous Waste Policies
Sources / Relevant Links:


The National Report for 2014 was submitted to the convention as of December 2015. It contains pertinent National Strategies/Policies, Legislation, Regulations and Guidelines issued to realize the reduction/elimination of the generation of hazardous waste and other wastes and the reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes subject to transboundary movement.

Additionally, reduction and/or elimination of the amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes generated and hazardous wastes subject to transboundary movement have been incorporated through the following legislation, regulations and guidelines:
  a. Presidential Decree 984: Pollution Control law of 1976;
  b. Presidential Decree 1586: Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System;
  c. Republic Act 6969: Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990;
  d. Republic Act 8749: Clean Air Act of 1999;
  e. Republic Act 9003: Solid Waste Management Act of 2000; and
  f. Republic Act 9275: Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004.
This Page was updated on 02 May 2017 and will be updated on 05 September 2017
» Back