Convention on Biological Diversity

BMB Director, Dr. Theresita Mundita S. Lim at the 13th Meeting of the Conference of the Convention  on Biological Diversity, 2-17 December 2016

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) aims to conserve biological diversity, promote sustainable use
of components of biological diversity and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the
utilization of genetic resources.

Humanity's economic and social development is inextricably linked to the earth's biological resources. As a
result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to
present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to the earth's species and ecosystem has never
been greater than it is today. Current trends identified an estimated 34,000 plants and 5,200 animal species
-including one in eight of the world's bird species - facing extinction as a result of human activity.

With this is mind, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) convened an Ad Hoc Working Group of
Experts on Biological Diversity in November 1988 tasked to explore the expediency of an international
convention on biological diversity. Consequently, the Ad Hoc Working Group of Technical and Legal Experts was
established in May 1989 and mandated to prepare an international legal instrument for the conservation and
sustainable use of biological diversity. By February 1991, the working group become known as the
International Negotiating Committee. Its work culminated with the Nairobi Conference for the Adoption of the
Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity on 22 May 1992.

The Convention was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development (the Rio Earth Summit). It entered into force on 29 December 1993. The Philippine government
ratified the Convention on 12 June 1992.
Focal Office:
Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB)
Date Ratified:
Party since October 8, 1993
Under the Convention, Parties are required to develop national biodiversity strategies and action plans which
are to be mainstreamed into the broader national plans for environment and development particularly for the
forestry, agriculture, fisheries, energy, transportation and urban planning sectors. As a party to the
convention, the Philippines through the DENR - Biodiversity Management Bureau aims to:

1. Protect and conserve existing natural habitats and pursue restoration of the functionality of degraded
2. Effectively regulate use of resources within sustainable limits
3. Implement habitat rehabilitation programs
4. Arrest the proliferation of invasive alien species
5. Enhance regulation of access of national and local implementing bodies
6. Improve status of agro biodiversity and promote biodiversity-friendly agriculture
7. Enhance governance and capacities of national and local implementing bodies in addressing urban
8. Implement the Nagoya Protocol consistent with national legislation

In 2010, during the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the CBD, parties adopted a revised and updated
Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets for the period 2011-2020. The plan
provides for a framework for the entire biodiversity management and policy development under the United
Nations system. Parties to the convention agree to develop the international framework into a National
Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan, the principal instrument for implementing the convention at the
national level.

Parties are also required to submit national reports to provide information on measures taken for the
implementation of the Convention and the effectiv
Policy Issuances:
Republic Act 8550 - Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 (SEC. 11. Protection of Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species. SEC. 97. Fishing or Taking of Rare, Threatened or Endangered Species)

Sources / Relevant Links:
CBD Official Website
Philippine Biodiversity Partnerships Official Website
CBD Webpage, BMB


This Page was updated on 08 March 2018 and will be updated on 09 July 2018
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