The Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, inaugurated in 1989 and having 21 member economies, has included environmental considerations almost since its inception. The First Environmental Ministerial Meeting held in 1994 developed an “APEC Environmental Vision Statement.”

Following on the Statement and other declarations, APEC developed a three-pronged environmental work program, namely: 1) integration of environmental and economic considerations in APEC’s working groups; 2) attention to sustainable cities, clean technologies, and the marine environment; and 3) long-term focus on food, energy, environment, economic growth, and population.

An Overview of Regional/Subregional Environmental Cooperation in Asia and the Pacific
by Kazu Kato & Wakana Takahashi